Exposure to fine particle pollution

Discussion on health consequences of air particulates

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Exposure to fine particle pollution

Postby Wilberforce » Wed Feb 13, 2008 9:27 pm

Exposure to fine particle pollution

Health effects associated with short-term exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) include:
* Premature death in people with heart and lung disease
* Non-fatal heart attacks
* Increased hospital admissions, emergency room visits and doctor’s visits for respiratory diseases
* Increased hospital admission and ER visits for cardiovascular diseases
* Increased respiratory symptoms such as coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath
* Lung function changes, especially in children and people with lung diseases such as asthma.
* Changes in heart rate variability
* Irregular heartbeat

Health effects associated with long-term exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) include:
* Premature death in people with heart and lung diseases, including death from lung cancer
* Reduced lung function
* Development of chronic respiratory disease in children

The benefits of meeting the revised 24-hour PM2.5 standards include the value of an estimated reduction in:
* 2,500 premature deaths in people with heart or lung disease.
* 2,600 cases of chronic bronchitis.
* 5,000 nonfatal heart attacks,
* 1,630 hospital admissions for cardiovascular or respiratory symptoms,
* 1,200 emergency room visits for asthma,
* 7,300 cases of acute bronchitis,
* 97,000 cases of upper and lower respiratory symptoms,
* 51,000 cases of aggravated asthma,
* 350,000 days when people miss work or school, and
* 2 million days when people must restrict their activities because of particle pollution-related symptoms.

Citation from this document:
http://www.epa.gov/oar/particlepollutio ... tsheet.pdf
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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