Multi-tracer approach to characterize domestic wood burning

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Multi-tracer approach to characterize domestic wood burning

Postby Wilberforce » Thu Oct 13, 2016 10:05 am

PDF PPV ... 1016308081
Multi-tracer approach to characterize domestic wood burning
in Athens (Greece) during wintertime

Fourtzioua et al

•High temporal resolution measurements with a plurality of analytical/monitoring techniques deployed to track and identify a number of different biomass burning tracers.

•Known and widely used tracers of biomass burning such as non sea salt potassium (nss-K+), black carbon (BCwb), the organic fraction m/z 60 and levoglucosan were monitored.

•The enhanced levels of chloride (Cl-) could provide evidence of combustion of inappropriate materials being used as fuel.

•Sodium (Na+) was also shown to be an alternative combustion tracer.

•The high correlation between PM2.5 and levoglucosan, indicated that wood burning episodes could be responsible for PM2.5 concentrations higher than 45 µg m-3.


During the last years the atmosphere of the Great Athens Area (GAA) and other Greek cities is burdened from extended residential biomass burning for heating purposes. In this work, a series of near real-time and off-line biomass burning tracers are analyzed during intense wood burning events in Athens. The measurements were conducted at an urban background site located in the center of Athens, and in the heart of wood burning activities (winter 2013–2014). The measured tracers include high resolution measurements of non-sea salt potassium (nss-K+), wood burning black carbon (BCwb), the m/z 60 fragment associated with levoglucosan and monosaccharide anhydrides (levoglucosan, mannosan and galactosan) determined on selected filter samples. The suitability of these tracers was evaluated when the prevailing meteorological conditions with low dispersion and deposition mechanisms (low wind speed, absence of precipitation) were associated with high biomass burning emissions at nighttime. During the severe smog periods, the levels of K+, BCwb, m/z 60 and levoglucosan were up to 2.2 µg m-3, 12.5 µg m-3, 3.4µ g m-3 and 8.6 µg m-3, respectively, higher by a factor of at least two, relatively to the non smog periods due to biomass burning. Correlations between biomass burning tracers as well as between monosaccharide anhydrides provided information about the type of material and wood being burned.
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
User avatar
Posts: 5919
Joined: Wed Jul 25, 2007 11:36 pm
Location: USA

Return to Particle Pollution Research

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests