The contribution of wood burning and other pollution sources

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

The contribution of wood burning and other pollution sources

Postby Wilberforce » Mon Mar 06, 2017 4:49 pm

The contribution of wood burning and other pollution sources to wintertime organic aerosol levels in two Greek cities
Kalliopi Florou1,2, Dimitrios K. Papanastasiou1,2, Michael Pikridas3, Christos Kaltsonoudis1,2, Evangelos Louvaris1,2, Georgios I. Gkatzelis1,2, David Patoulias1,2, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos4,5, and Spyros N. Pandis1,2,6

Received: 10 Aug 2016 – Discussion started: 22 Aug 2016
Revised: 23 Jan 2017 – Accepted: 24 Jan 2017 – Published: 01 Mar 2017

Abstract. The composition of fine particulate matter (PM) in two major Greek cities (Athens and Patras) was measured during two wintertime campaigns, one conducted in 2013 and the other in 2012. A major goal of this study is to quantify the sources of organic aerosol (OA) and especially residential wood burning, which has dramatically increased due to the Greek financial crisis. A high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS) was deployed at both sites. PM with diameter less than 1?µm (PM1) consisted mainly of organics (60–75?%), black carbon (5–20?%), and inorganic salts (around 20?%) in both Patras and Athens. In Patras, during evening hours, PM1 concentrations were as high as 100?µg?m-3, of which 85?% was OA. In Athens, the maximum hourly value observed during nighttime was 140?µg?m-3, of which 120?µg?m-3 was OA. Forty to 60?% of the average OA was due to biomass burning for both cities, while the remaining mass originated from traffic (12–17?%), cooking (12–16?%), and long-range transport (18–24?%). The contribution of residential wood burning was even higher (80–90?%) during the nighttime peak concentration periods, and less than 10?% during daytime. Cooking OA contributed up to 75?% during mealtime hours in Patras, while traffic-related OA was responsible for 60–70?% of the OA during the morning rush hour.
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