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soot aggregates from the burning of solid and liquid fuels

PostPosted: Tue Mar 07, 2017 8:35 pm
by Wilberforce
Journal of Nanoparticle Research

March 2017, 19:96
Experimental investigation on the morphology of soot aggregates from the burning of typical solid and liquid fuels

Authors and affiliations
Dongmei HuangEmail authorChenning GuoLong Shi

Technology and Applications

First Online:07 March 2017
Received:09 May 2016
Accepted:09 February 2017

Cite this article as:
Huang, D., Guo, C. & Shi, L. J Nanopart Res (2017) 19: 96. doi:10.1007/s11051-017-3786-x


Soot particles from the burning of typical fuels are one of the critical sources causing environmental problems and human disease. To understand the soot formation of these typical fuels, the size and morphology of soot aggregates produced from the burning of typical solid and liquid fuels, including diesel, kerosene, natural rubber (NR) latex foam, and wood crib, were studied by both extractive sampling and subsequent image analysis. The 2D and 3D fractal dimensions together with the diameter distribution of agglomerate and primary particles were analyzed for these four typical fuels. The average diameters of the primary particles were within 45–85 nm when sampling from different heights above the fire sources. Irregular sheet structures and flake-like masses were observed from the burning of NR latex foam and wood cribs. Superaggregates with a mean maximum length scale of over 100 µm were also found from the burning of all these four tested fuels. The fractal dimension of a single aggregate was 3 for all the tested fuels.