Wood fuel consumption and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan...

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Wood fuel consumption and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan...

Postby Wilberforce » Sat Mar 18, 2017 6:19 pm

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/ar ... 3517303715
PPV
Wood fuel consumption and mortality rates in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Evidence from a dynamic panel study


Chindo Sulaimana, b, , , A.S. Abdul-Rahima, Lee China, H.O. Mohd-Shahwahida

Available online 6 March 2017

Highlights

• The relationship between wood fuel consumption and mortality rates was examined.
• The adverse effect of wood fuel consumption is more on women than men.
• Under-five children are more adversely affected by wood smoke than the adults.
• There is a need for policy intervention to curtail indoor air pollution menace from wood fuel burning to avert health problems.

Abstract

This study examined the impact of wood fuel consumption on health outcomes, specifically under-five and adult mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, where wood usage for cooking and heating is on the increase. Generalized method of moment (GMM) estimators were used to estimate the impact of wood fuel consumption on under-five and adult mortality (and also male and female mortality) in the region. The findings revealed that wood fuel consumption had significant positive impact on under-five and adult mortality. It suggests that over the studied period, an increase in wood fuel consumption has increased the mortality of under-five and adult. Importantly, it indicated that the magnitude of the effect of wood fuel consumption was more on the under-five than the adults. Similarly, assessing the effect on a gender basis, it was revealed that the effect was more on female than male adults. This finding suggests that the resultant mortality from wood smoke related infections is more on under-five children than adults, and also are more on female adults than male adults. We, therefore, recommended that an alternative affordable, clean energy source for cooking and heating should be provided to reduce the wood fuel consumption.
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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