the health hazards of biomass smoke exposure...

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

the health hazards of biomass smoke exposure...

Postby Wilberforce » Sun Feb 04, 2018 9:40 pm

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/articl ... ne.0191458
Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about the health hazards of biomass smoke exposure amongst commercial food vendors in Nigeria
Ogonna N. O. Nwankwo , Ndubuisi Mokogwu, Orighomisan Agboghoroma, Fahmi O. Ahmed, Kevin Mortimer
Published: January 29, 2018
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191458
Abstract

Background
Exposure to biomass smoke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Africa. Commercial food vendors in Nigeria and elsewhere in Africa are commonly exposed to biomass smoke from open fire cooking both at work and home. Little is known about the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of food vendors about the health hazards of biomass smoke exposure in Nigeria.

Methods
We did a descriptive cross sectional survey of the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of commercial food vendors in the cities of Benin and Calabar in Nigeria. We recruited respondents using a multi-stage approach. Structured interviewer-administered questionnaires were used for data collection.

Results
We recruited 308 participants (164, 53.2% female). The majority 185(60.2%) were married and had post-primary education 206(67.4%). The average monthly income was <30,000 Naira (US$150). Most 198(64.4%) were not aware that biomass smoke exposure is harmful to human health. About three-quarters (221; 71.8%) were unconcerned as to the effect of exposure to fumes from biomass fuels on their health. Less than half of respondents (110, 41.6%) believed biomass smoke was harmful to health. Male gender, being single, having post-primary education and preferring electricity or gas fuels were associated with good knowledge of the adverse health effects of biomass smoke exposure whilst female gender and having good knowledge of the adverse health effects of biomass smoke were associated with positive attitudes towards preventing exposure.

Conclusion
Commercial food vendors in our study had limited knowledge about the adverse health effects of biomass smoke exposure and negative attitudes towards preventing these adverse health effects. We suggest an educational intervention is needed to improve this knowledge.

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http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/51/1/1700698
ERS/ATS workshop report on respiratory health effects of household air pollution
Akshay Sood, Nour A. Assad, Peter J. Barnes, Andrew Churg, Stephen B. Gordon, Kevin S. Harrod, Hammad Irshad, Om P. Kurmi, William J. Martin II, Paula Meek, Kevin Mortimer, Curtis W. Noonan, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Kirk R. Smith, Yohannes Tesfaigzi, Tony Ward, John Balmes
European Respiratory Journal 2018 51: 1700698; DOI: 10.1183/13993003.00698-2017
PDF
http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/erj/ ... 8.full.pdf
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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