Secondhand Smoke and Cognitive Decline

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Secondhand Smoke and Cognitive Decline

Postby Wilberforce » Thu Nov 29, 2012 9:34 pm

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Association of blood cotinine level with cognitive and physical performance in non-smoking older adults
Akhtara, et al
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23199696
PDF DL
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3864778/
Abstract
Background

Studies show that active smoking may be associated with cognitive decline. However, the consequence of secondhand smoke on cognitive and physical performance remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of secondhand smoke with cognitive performance and physical function using a population-based sample.
Methods

Data of 2,542 non-smoking participants from the 1999–2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Secondhand smoke exposure level was estimated using blood cotinine concentrations. Cognitive performance was assessed with the Digit Symbol Substitution Test and self-reported confusion/memory problems. Physical performance was analyzed using visual gait speed (m/s) and self-reported physical function. Multivariate linear and logistic regression models were used to assess the association.
Results

In never smokers, cognitive performance score decreased by 2.03 points (95% confidence interval (CI): -3.00, –1.05) per one unit increase in log-transformed blood cotinine level. After adjusting for potential confounders, including diabetes, hypertension, body mass index, alcohol, and blood lead level, change in cognitive performance score was still statistically significant (-1.17 95% CI: -2.32, –0.02). Similar trends were observed in former smokers. Gait speed decreased by 0.02 m/s for one unit increase in log-transformed blood cotinine level. This was evident in both never and former smokers. The relationship remained significant after adjusting for potential confounders in former smokers.
Conclusions

Our study suggests that secondhand smoke may contribute to cognitive decline in never and former smokers. Considering the cross-sectional design and the limitations of this study, the relationship warrants further assessment.

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Long-term Exposure to PM2.5 and Incidence of Acute Myocardial Infarction
Jaime Madrigano,1,2,3 Itai Kloog,3 Robert Goldberg,4 Brent A. Coull,3,5 Murray A. Mittleman,6,7 and Joel Schwartz3,7
http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1205284/

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• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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Wilberforce
 
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