Increased cardiovascular risk from wood burning

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Increased cardiovascular risk from wood burning

Postby Wilberforce » Mon Feb 25, 2013 10:24 pm ... 012-0173-8
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health
March 2013, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 307-315

Increased cardiovascular risk in association with chronic airflow obstruction among premenopausal rural women of India who cook exclusively with biomass

Anindita Dutta,
Manas Ranjan Ray,
Bidisha Mukherjee,
Saswati Chowdhury

We aimed to compare the cardiovascular risk in biomass-using women with or without chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A total of 22 biomass-using married women with COPD and 24 matched controls with normal lung function were enrolled for this purpose. Platelet P-selectin (P-sel) expression and platelet–leukocyte aggregation were determined using flow cytometry. Platelet aggregation by collagen was measured by aggregometer. Soluble P-selectin (sP-sel), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a), interleukin-8, -6, -10 (IL-8, IL-6, IL-10), neutrophil-activating protein-2 (NAP-2), C-reactive protein (CRP), oxidized low density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in plasma were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by leukocytes was measured by flow cytometry, and erythrocyte content of superoxide dismutase (SOD) was measured by spectrophotometry. Particulate matter with a diameter of less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) in indoor air was measured by real-time aerosol monitor. Compared with control, biomass users with COPD had increased expression of platelet P-selectin, elevated levels of sP-sel, oxLDL, TNF-a, IL-8, IL-6, NAP-2, CRP, lowered IL-10 and more circulating platelet-neutrophil (p?<?0.0001) and platelet–monocyte (p?<?0.0001) aggregates. ROS generation was increased by 19.5% while SOD was depleted by 32% in women with COPD. Biomass smoke-induced COPD is associated with excess cardiovascular risk via oxidative stress, platelet activation, and inflammation.

• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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