Female Subjects With Biomass Smoke Exposure

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Female Subjects With Biomass Smoke Exposure

Postby Wilberforce » Wed Feb 27, 2013 9:57 pm

http://rc.rcjournal.com/content/58/3/424.abstract

Evaluation of Clinical and Functional Parameters in Female Subjects With Biomass Smoke Exposure


Hülya Köksal, MD et al
Department of Pulmonary Diseases and Cardiovascular Surgery, Research State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Indoor air pollution and exposure to biomass smoke is a risk factor for pulmonary diseases among women in developing countries. We aimed to assess clinical and functional findings and exposure duration and to evaluate their relationships in patients who used biomass products as fuel and who presented to the clinic due to respiratory symptoms.

METHODS: Fifty-five patients who had been referred to the hospital between January 2008 and December 2010 and who met the inclusion criteria were accepted to the study. Data on the place they live, biomass exposure duration, lung function parameters, and arterial blood gases were recorded.

RESULTS: Statistically significant differences in FEV1%, FEV1 (L) and, FEV1/FVC existed between the subgroups of duration of biomass exposure (P = .001). FEV1% and FEV1/FVC were highest in the < 30 hour-years exposure group. In the presence of animal dung use, the odds ratio and 95% CI for the risk of FEV1/FVC < 70% was 3.5 (0.88–10.29). Subjects who used animal dung and wood for cooking and heating had severe and very severe FEV1 stages.

CONCLUSIONS: Biomass exposure can have effects on lung function test parameters. Animal dung use is primarily related to risk of deterioration of FEV1/FVC, when compared to other biomass fuels. Protective health measures should be taken by assessing the risks in areas where biomass exposure is intense, improving poor design of the stoves and ventilation, and switching to better clean energy sources such as natural gas and solar energy.
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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