Household Air Pollution from Burning Solid Fuels

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Household Air Pollution from Burning Solid Fuels

Postby Wilberforce » Sat May 10, 2014 7:42 pm

Estimating the Number of Low-Income Americans Exposed to Household Air Pollution from Burning Solid Fuels
Rogalsky et al
http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1306709/
PDF DL
http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/wp-content/upl ... 306709.pdf
Abstract

Background: Exposure to household air pollution (HAP) from inefficient biomass and coal stoves kills nearly four million people every year worldwide. HAP is an environmental risk associated with poverty that impacts an estimated three billion people mostly in low-and middle-income countries.

Objectives: To estimate the number of low-income Americans exposed to potentially health damaging concentrations of HAP. Methods: We mapped county level data for the percentage of households using wood, coal, and/or coke as their primary heating fuel and percent of the population below the Federal Poverty Level. Using US Census data and the likelihood of fugitive emissions as reported in the literature, we estimated the number of low-income Americans potentially exposed to HAP.

Results: Solid fuel is the primary heating source for more than 2.5 million US households or 6.5 million people. The mapping exercise showed several rural areas, primarily in the north and western regions, that have high levels of solid fuel use and poverty. We then identified 117 counties with high co-incident poverty and solid fuel use as high priority counties for research into potential health risks from HAP. We estimate that between 500,000 and 600,000 low-income people in the US are likely exposed to HAP from burning solid fuels within their homes.

Conclusion: HAP occurs within the US and should be further investigated for adverse health risks, especially among those living in areas with rural poverty.
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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