Bronchial anthracofibrosis and wood smoke

Research studies on wood smoke and other air pollution.

Bronchial anthracofibrosis and wood smoke

Postby Wilberforce » Tue Jan 12, 2016 7:17 am

http://casereports.bmj.com/content/2016 ... 0.abstract

BMJ Case Reports 2016; doi:10.1136/bcr-2015-213940
CASE REPORT
Bronchial anthracofibrosis with interstitial lung disease: an association yet to be highlighted
Shekhar Kunal, Vikas Pilaniya, Ashok Shah
Author Affiliations
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute, Delhi, India
Correspondence to Professor Ashok Shah, ashokshah99@yahoo.com
Accepted 21 December 2015
Published 11 January 2016

Summary
Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), an emerging pulmonary disease due to long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke, is predominantly seen in females from developing nations. BAF is known to be associated with tuberculosis, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer, but the association of BAF with interstitial lung disease (ILD) is rare and yet to be highlighted. A 72-year-old woman with a 30-year history of exposure to biomass fuel smoke presented with dry cough and exertional dyspnoea. Imaging demonstrated interlobular, intralobular and peribronchovascular interstitial thickening and honeycombing adjoining the subpleural regions, suggestive of the usual interstitial pneumonia pattern. A restrictive pattern with diffusion defect was noted. Fibrebronchoscopy revealed a bluish-black anthracotic pigmentation with a narrowed and distorted left upper lobe, and apical segment of left lower lobe bronchus, confirming BAF. A diagnosis of BAF with ILD was made. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first detailed description of this association.
• The Surgeon General has determined that there is no safe level of exposure to ambient smoke!

• If you smell even a subtle odor of smoke, you are being exposed to poisonous and carcinogenic chemical compounds!

• Even a brief exposure to smoke raises blood pressure, (no matter what your state of health) and can cause blood clotting, stroke, or heart attack in vulnerable people. Even children experience elevated blood pressure when exposed to smoke!

• Since smoke drastically weakens the lungs' immune system, avoiding smoke is one of the best ways to prevent colds, flu, bronchitis, or risk of an even more serious respiratory illness, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis! Does your child have the flu? Chances are they have been exposed to ambient smoke!
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